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How Did The Months Of The Calendar Get Their Names, And Why Do They Have Number Of Days They Do?

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How Did The Months Of The Calendar Get Their Names, And Why Do They Have Number Of Days They Do?

The months of the calendar have their names derived from various historical and cultural sources.

Here is a brief overview of the origin of the month names in the Gregorian calendar:

January: Named after Janus, the Roman god of beginnings and transitions.

February: Derived from Februa, a purification ritual celebrated in ancient Rome.

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March: Named after Mars, the Roman god of war.

April: The etymology of April is uncertain, but it may be derived from the Latin word “aperire,” meaning “to open,” signifying the opening of buds and flowers in spring.

May: Named after Maia, a Roman goddess associated with growth and fertility.

June: Derived from Juno, the Roman goddess of marriage and childbirth.

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July: Originally known as Quintilis, meaning “fifth month” in Latin. It was later renamed in honor of Julius Caesar.

August: Originally known as Sextilis, meaning “sixth month” in Latin. It was later renamed in honor of Augustus Caesar.

As for the number of days in each month, it can be traced back to the ancient Roman calendar, which had ten months totaling 304 days.

The calendar was later revised to align with the solar year more accurately. Julius Caesar introduced the Julian calendar in 45 BCE, which included 12 months with a total of 365 days.

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However, this still didn’t account for the slight discrepancy with the solar year. To rectify this, Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian calendar in 1582, which adjusted the lengths of specific months and added leap years to synchronize the calendar with the Earth’s orbit around the sun more accurately.

Currently, most months contain either 30 or 31 days, except for February, which has 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years.

Hammed Tajudeen is a graduate of Osun State Polytechnic, Iree with Higher National Diploma (HND) in Mass Communication

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